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ALJAWAD ISLAMIC SOCIETY MELBOURNE AUSTRALIA

Islamic Marriage (NIKAH)

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُمْ مَوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ (2130)

And from His Signs is that He Created for you spouses from yourselves that you may find rest in them, and He Made cordiality and mercy to be between you. Surely, in that there are Signs for a people who ponder [30:21] ...
Q 1 what is the Islamic permanent marriage? An Islamic permanent marriage is a contract voluntarily entered into for life, by exchanging a verbal agreement or vows between the man and the woman, one party initiates the contract and the other party accepts. generally the divorce is the right of the husband only, the wife has no such right, the Islamic divorce (Talaq) is an act done by husband only towrds his wife.
while no divorce could be done by the wife, there is a way to have equal rights, that is by adding a condition in a marriage contract which will be explained in the following question Q 3 How both husband and wife get equal rights of divorce? To add the following condition in the marriage contract:
The wife becomes an attorney of divorce (delegate of power of divorce) from her husband and to delegate a religious scholar to carry out her divorce in a legitimate correct form, and this attorney to be valid until an irrevocable divorce has been done. which means in the first, second and third divorce,(if applicable) He must not abolish the attorney meaning the form of an irrevocable power of attorney. Q 4 In the case of adding this condition, can the husband abolish the attorney? No, The husband can't abolish this condition under any curcimstances. Q 5 Can I add other conditions? you may add other conditions, however, they should be in some form which could be explained by the religious scholar Q 6 I did not add this conditions in the NIKAH, may I add it afterwards? Yes, but in the case of an agreement of both parties, you and your husband, it must be in a special form which could be done by a religious scholar for you. Q 7 I do hate my husband, can you perform the Talaq? unfortunately we cannot do it without a husband's authorisation (WAKALAT) if the divorce was done without the (Wakalat), it would be invalid in Islam. In this case you may ask the agency of Grand Ayatollah (Marja who you follow) to help you out.
Note: This is a difficult and a prolonged process Zakat of Fitrah Every adult Muslim is required to pay Zakat Al Fitrah, as well as on behalf of people who depend on him financially (dependents) such as wife and children. Amount Zakat al fitrah is one (SAA) about = 3 Kilo grams of wheat or any other popular food (Common food) or their prices per person. According to many scholars e.g. Ayatollah Khoei and Sistani But according to Grand Ayatollah Al-Hakeem is about = 3.48 Gram

Sayed Alawi


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